Smart grid utility management systems Report

Report  ITU-R  SM.2351-2



Smart grid utility management systems



….PURE TONE noise on the powerlines and PLC


6.1        Smart grid communications over power lines

An early candidate for consideration was power line communications/telecommunications (PLC) following on from the simplistic rationale that the electricity supply lines themselves provide ubiquitous connectivity across all parts of the electricity supply grid and that the necessary data signals could be sent end‑to-end over the power lines themselves. This ignored some important points such as attenuation and noise along the power lines and how to route signals around the grid network, and crucially the integrity of the data.

….noise on the powerlines and PLC


……wireless Smart Grid networks are resilient to link breaks and power outages. [ this is why the pure tone noise violations are constant and non stop 24/7. I have recorded the pure tones during major power outages and have documented these outages going back 11 years! ……Sandaura

9           Impact of widespread deployment of wired and wireless networks used for power grid management systems on spectrum availability

One of the objectives of the 3GPP cellular wireless technologies and the IEEE 802 family of standards is that the spectrum availability will not be affected by interference associated with wide-spread deployment of such technologies and devices.

This is vital consideration given that:

–           There are currently millions of installed wireless smart grid devices in a variety of countries and regions, e.g. Europe, Australia, North America, that are operating in shared spectrum. These deployments are growing and more are planned in these geographic regions because they have been successful and effective.

–           Mobile consumer wireless devices are in wide use globally. Each device may transfer gigabytes of data per month. The data usage of wireless smart grid devices is orders of magnitude smaller. The licensed spectrum, which is managed by wireless carriers, can easily handle the incremental traffic.

–           Existing regulations by regulators such as the Federal Communications Commission and UK Ofcom have successfully allowed for millions of wireless Smart grid devices to operate without harm to each other.

–           IEEE 802 wireless standards use a variety of technologies, e.g. frequency hopping, mesh routing, fragmentation, coding, and high burst rate, which enable reliable wireless Smart Grid Networks. In addition,

wireless Smart Grid networks are resilient to link breaks and power outages. 

–           Cellular wireless 3GPP technologies use a variety of techniques such as high level modulation and coding, resource block allocation, interference cancellation and mitigation, and MIMO to utilize the allocated spectrum efficiently. Additionally, Coordinated Multipoint provides additional robustness.

–           New cognitive radio sharing technologies developed within the IEEE 802 Standards can make efficient use of spectrum while doing no harm to other primary users operating in these bands or the adjacent bands.

–           Features embedded within IEEE 802 standards such as spectrum sensing, spectrum etiquette, channel set management and co-existence will ensure minimal interference to themselves and others.  [but that is a lie: it is causing interference and has done so the day the so called smart grid was turned on!!!]

–           Cellular wireless 3GPP technologies are continuously evolving and new features relevant to smart grids have been introduced in 3GPP Release 13 in order to support:

–     A maximum coupling loss of 164 dB.

–     Operation during at least 10 years on a 5 Wh (Watt-hour) battery for traffic patterns characterized by small infrequent data transmission.

–     Latency of at most 10 seconds for transmission of a small packet even at the edge of the system, i.e. at 164 dB coupling loss.

–     Capacity of supporting at least 60 000 devices per square kilometer.

–     Secure transmission of data packets through the use of encryption and integrity protection.

–     Low complexity system and device design to facilitate support for a large range of MTC applications.

–           Wired Ethernet links do not use wireless spectrum, and are generally mandated to comply with applicable local and national codes for the limitation of electromagnetic interference for non-transmitting systems. As such, there should be no additional interference considerations to radiocommunication associated with the use of Ethernet in the implementation of wireless and wired technologies and devices used in support of power grid management systems.

One of the objectives of the 3GPP family of standards is that the spectrum availability will not be affected by interference associated with wide-spread deployment of such technologies and devices considering:

–           widespread, global deployment of systems providing global roaming of millions of user equipment,

–           reliable coverage of cellular network almost everywhere globally.

10         Conclusion

High-capacity, two-way communication networks employing wireless, PLT, or other telecommunications technologies that couple sensors and smart meters can transform existing distribution networks for utilities into smart grids.

Smart metering and communications via smart grid networks will in principle allow consumers to monitor and change their patterns of consumption to their best advantage. Utilities will also be able to introduce real time pricing measures in which charges can be adjusted continually to take account of considerations of total demand and the integrity of distribution grids. It will also be possible, in principle, to regulate the demand from particular classes of high usage domestic appliances and industrial equipment.

The overall objective is that these interactive smart grid networks can be monitored and controlled to enhance the efficiency, reliability, and security of the distribution networks for electricity, gas and water supplies, while assuring consumers of the continuity of supply.




The IEEE 802 LAN/MAN standards committee has developed several wireless standards that are being used to support Smart Grid applications.

These solutions include:

–           Wireless standards that support point-to-multipoint wireless

  • IEEE 802.11
  • IEEE 802.16
  • IEEE 802.20
  • IEEE 802.22

–           Wireless standards that support wireless mesh

  • IEEE 802.15.4
  • IEEE 802.11

Other wireless communication technologies that can contribute to smart grid requirements include cellular technologies and sound broadcasting. Cellular networks under 3GPP responsibility (i.e. GSM/EDGE, WCDMA/HSPA and LTE) have evolved from providing telephony services to support a wide range of data applications, with in-built security and quality of service support. In recent 3GPP releases standardization enhancements for machine-type communication (MTC) have also been introduced, including support for congestion control, improved device battery lifetime, ultra-low complexity devices, increasing numbers of devices, and improved indoor coverage as elaborated up in chapter 9. Smart meters are available with individual monitoring and control functions provided using 3GPP technologies. Also, inaudible subcarriers have been used for decades for simple wide area switching between metering tariffs using FM broadcasting networks in the USA and the LF 198 kHz national coverage broadcasting service in the United Kingdom. The IEEE 802 LAN/MAN standards committee has developed several standards that are being used to support smart grid applications.

8           Interference considerations associated with the implementation of wired and wireless data transmission technologies used in power grid management systems

The IEEE 802 LAN/MAN Standards Committee has developed many wireless technologies that have demonstrated interference resilient communications to enable power grid management without interference to others.




The Commonwealth’s Pure Tone Requirement……..(not adequate in testing for pure tone violations in our air)

I appreciate Michael writing and enlightening people on the characteristics of  pure tones.  I also, once again, ask the author of this article, Michael Bahtiarian  to look at our most recent octave band test data proving pure tone violations as per Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection Laws and clearly pointing to the powerline harmonics.
I contacted Michael several years ago with another octave band study we conducted confirming the same thing.  I have the emails from Michael dismissing our evidence.  Any controversy, such as this issue is avoided like leprosy because the utilities have these companies in their pockets………..when all is said and done Michael and his colleagues have the same script….they deflect, dismiss and ignore their professional responsibility to protect and serve the public health and well being………Sandaura
Pure Tones Blog Post-Acentech
Blog >
The Commonwealth’s Pure Tone Requirement

May 29, 2019 |

The Commonwealth’s Pure Tone Requirement

In Massachusetts, the law stipulates that certain sources of sound cannot cause noise. What is defined as noise you might ask? Well, noise in the Commonwealth occurs for either of two conditions: sound from a source that causes an increase of 10 dB above the ambient/background sound, or if the sound produces what is referred to as a “Pure Tone.” We are going to dive into the second condition in this blog.

What is a Pure Tone? BBN founder, Leo Beranek refers to pure tones as “the simplest periodic sound”. His definition is “a Pure Tone sound is a pressure disturbance that fluctuates sinusoidally as a fixed frequency”. Another distinguished acoustics professor, Cyrill Harris gets right to the point and defines Pure Tone as “a sound composed of a single frequency”.

Let’s try a couple of examples of sounds that contain a Pure Tone. The example I use when speaking with clients is squealing brakes or the sound of fingernails on a chalkboard. My Noise & Vibration Group colleagues offered a few other real-world examples such as the sound from a tuning fork, a church bell, a boat or train whistle and sound from hydraulic systems. Likewise, if you have ever had a hearing test, they make you listen to sounds of certain frequency then change the amplitude and frequency. Those sounds are pure tones and are usually centered at certain frequencies, called octave bands.

In my opinion, when a person is bothered by sound, it is more likely the presence of a Pure Tone that is bothering them rather than just the sound level. At the wrong frequencies, a Pure Tone can be a highly annoying sound. The sirens on emergency vehicles use a modulated Pure Tone because they are easily heard over background sound. You may be asking yourself; how do I know if I have a Pure Tone? If the noise you are bothered by has a buzz, shrill or whine then it likely has a Pure Tone.

The acoustical character can be measured easily, but you need a sound level meter that has frequency-dependent measurement capability. This includes octave band, one-third octave band, FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) or spectrum analysis capability. Since the measurement of a Pure Tone is independent of its amplitude accuracy, a smart-phone application, such as Analyzer can be used to provide accurate Pure Tone analysis.

Pure Tones Blog Post-Facility Exterior-Acentech

I have been involved in many community noise investigations from both the community side and the industrial side. In 2009 a suburban community complained of bothersome noise from an industrial abutter over the period of a few years. Noise measurements were taken by a consultant to the company, but they did not register as a Pure Tone by the MassDEP standards. I was subsequently hired by the community group to conduct measurements on their behalf. What I found was very interesting. My measurements showed that using the Commonwealth methodology, there was, in fact, no Pure Tone. This involves measuring the sound in octave bands which is a coarse sound measurement. A Pure Tone is recognized when the sound pressure level in any octave band is more than 3 decibels above both adjacent bands.

Back in 2009, it was obvious to my ears that the facility in question was producing a Pure Tone. I arrived at the client and got out of my car and immediately heard the problem. Like an emergency vehicle siren, a Pure Tone in the mid frequency, say above 250 hertz is obvious. Because of what my ears were telling me, I acquired finer resolution data including both one-third octave band and FFT (narrowband) measurements. Data measured using finer 1/3 octave bands showed likely tones in two bands; 400 and 800 hertz. Measurements using even finer FFT/spectrum analysis produce the exact frequencies and, in this case, we had tones at 363 and 726 hertz. In this case, the 726 hertz Pure Tone is exactly two times the 363 hertz Pure Tone. The higher frequency tone is referred to as a Harmonic of the lower frequency tone.

Why did the octave band noise measurements not register as containing a Pure Tone, when finer measurements clearly found the opposite? This was the obvious question from the people involved in the case. Certain sounds that contain Harmonics, a sound that is a whole integer times the primary sound, can mask the octave band Pure Tone method used by the State. Using a medical analogy, it’s like using an X-Ray to detect a torn ligament which can only be seen by an MRI.

For example, a Pure Tone sound in the 250 hertz band with a single harmonic would produce a Pure Tone in the 500 hertz band. If either sound existed alone it would be defined by the MassDEP method as a Pure Tone, but when taken together it results in a situation where no Pure Tone would be classified using the MassDEP methods. As long as more than one tone exists in any two-octave bands, the MassDEP method would fail to identify a Pure Tone condition.

What to do? There are other methods to determine if a Pure Tone exists using finer measurement methods; one-third octave bands and narrowband. My recommendation back in 2009 is still valid today, the MassDEP needs to adopt a better method. Again, using the medical analogy, the doctor may at first have you get an X-Ray, but if that does not find anything, they will prescribe an MRI.

Author: Michael Bahtiarian

“I enjoy my work in this field because it requires you to know a little about nearly everything — including people.” Mike Bahtiarian works in both the Noise and Vibration group…

2 responses to “The Commonwealth’s Pure Tone Requirement”

  1. I have heard this type of approach referred to as band projection (sorry, I cannot cite a source for that). It is quite common in community noise codes to use band projection. Seattle for example, uses a 1/3 octave band projection method. The level of projection which qualifies as a pure tone also varies in three groupings of frequency bands. Despite being a few degrees “better” (in my opinion), it also suffers from the same basic flaws of mathematical tone masking due to harmonics and side bands, and also of false-positives due to insufficient resolution.

    AHRI Technical Committee on Sound has been working to redevelop AHRI 1140, which currently defines a tone metric that nobody uses. The core of the metric is a 1/3 octave band projection, but sprinkles in a dose of other factors. It suffers all of the same flaws listed above, with the added complication that the resulting number is not in dB. We have been evaluating various tone metrics in relation to how member companies test their equipment and have concluded that we are not ready to roll out a meaningful tone metric at this time. ASHRAE is currently funding research in this area and we hope the results of that research will give HVAC equipment manufacturers a clear way forward to provide meaningful tone information on our products. Though to be truthful, I’m not sure how useful such a metric would be for consultants. Even if I had the perfect narrow-band tone metric to describe the sound of HVAC equipment, you would lack sufficient information to predict the tone level as experienced in the listener’s environment because you lack narrow-band sound modeling information to predict everything in between the equipment and the listener.

    But your article isn’t really about predicting tonal annoyance, it is focused on assessing it. That is slightly easier (but still not easy). I understand the frustrations of consultants who must measure according to well-intended codes while your ears tell are telling you that the results are wrong. The point to my feedback is to indicate that in my experience, band projection methods to assess tonal annoyance are always going to have the flaws you have identified in your article. If you are evaluating tones, narrow band metrics hold more hope of success (which you obviously already know). Just be cognizant that predicting narrow band sound is going to be a long ways off in the future. If communities begin adopting narrow band metrics of tonal annoyance, consultants will be better suited to assess tonal annoyance in a way that agrees with their ears! However, they will have difficulty predicting tonal annoyance for clients hiring them to meet these codes prior to installation.

  2.  Michael Bahtiarian says:


    Great comments and I agree with all your points. I can further point you to two narrowband methods I discussed in the 2009 paper, which are described in Annex A of ANSI S1.13.

    This “informative” Annex includes two methods: Tone-to-Noise Ratio (TNR) and the Prominence Ratio
    (PR). Both require measurement of sound pressure levels or power spectral density, using an equivalent Type 1 sound level meter, a digital Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) with a bandwidth less than 1% of the frequency of the tone.

    For example, for a 500 hertz tone you would need a bandwidth of no greater than 5 Hz. So if you measured to 1000 Hz you would need a frequency data set with 200 samples vs. 10 to 30 samples with octave band and 1/3 otave band, respectively. So these methods require a lot larger data files.

    Again, I appreciated the feedback.

    Mike B.

    The Commonwealth’s Pure Tone Requirement

Acquisition Safety – Radio Frequency Radiation (RFR) Hazards

Naval Safety Center

Acquisition Safety – Radio Frequency Radiation (RFR) Hazards

IntroductionBackground Challenges RecommendationsConclusionResources


RDR warning signExcessive levels of exposure to RFR can result in adverse acute (immediate) effects on people such as involuntary muscle contractions (electrostimulation), electrical shocks/burns (from touching metal objects in RFR fields), and excessive heating of tissue (thermal damage). High-level electromagnetic energy produced by RFR can also induce electrical currents or voltages that may cause premature activation of Electro-Explosive Devices (EEDs) and electrical arcs that may ignite flammable materials. Modern communication and radar transmitters aboard Navy ships can produce high-intensity Radio Frequency Radiation (RFR) environments that are potentially hazardous to 1) operating and maintenance personnel, 2) ordnance and fuels and, 3) associated equipment. The type of biological effect on humans from RFR depends on the frequency of the electromagnetic wave (see Background section for more information). The severity of the biological effect depends on the intensity (strength) of the RFR.

Planning to eliminate or minimize RFR hazards aboard ship should be inherent in the design phases of ship system acquisition. RFR protection and prevention measures must be considered during all phases of ship design, construction, use, maintenance, operation, and final disposal.

This section of the Acquisition Safety website outlines safety and operational concerns regarding RFR and discusses approaches to limit acquisition costs and risks in the ship design and development phase. Control of RFR system life-cycle costs and safety hazards during ship system operation and maintenance are also discussed. [See Resources section for more information on DON policy and procedures regarding electromagnetic energy radiation.]



Electromagnetic radiation consists of waves.
Figure 1 electromagnetic waves

Figure 1. Electromagnetic waves

A depiction of electric and magnetic energy moving together through space at the speed of light is shown in Figure 1.

All frequencies (or wavelengths) of electromagnetic energy are referred to as the electromagnetic spectrum, shown in Figure 2.

electromagnetic spectrum

Figure 2Electromagnetic Spectrum (Additional chart detailing military and civilian uses of RF and other spectra can be found at

Radio waves and microwaves emitted by transmitting antennas, illustrated in Figure 3, are antennaone form of electromagnetic energy. They are collectively referred to as “radiofrequency” radiation (RFR). RF energy includes frequencies ranging from 0 to 3000 GHz.

Microwaves, very short waves of electromagnetic energy, include frequencies ranging from around 300 megahertz (MHz) to 300 gigahertz (GHz). Microwaves are often referred to as “high frequency (HF) radio waves.” High frequency radio waves are used to transmit information from one place to another, because microwave energy can penetrate haze, light rain and snow, clouds, and smoke. Remote sensing is a common application of microwaves. There are two types of microwave remote sensing; 1) active and 2) passive.

Exposure to RF energy of sufficient intensity at frequencies between 3 kilohertz (kHz) and 300 GHz can adversely affect personnel, ordnance, and fuel. Potential exposures of this magnitude aboard ships are primarily associated with the operation of various radars and communication systems as illustrated in the photo below.


Biological effects that result from heating of tissue by RF energy are often referred to as “thermal” effects. Exposure to very high levels of RF radiation can be harmful due to the ability of RF energy to heat biological tissue. In a healthy human body, the thermo-regulatory system will cope with the absorbed heat until it reaches the point at which it cannot maintain a stable body core temperature. Beyond this point the body may experience Flight deck aboard an aircraft carrierhyperthermia (heat exhaustion) and/or irreversible damage to human tissue if the cell temperature reaches about 43 degrees Celsius. There is a higher risk of heat damage for organs that have poor temperature control, such as the lens of the eye and the testes. The amount of absorbed energy to produce thermal stress is affected by the health of the individual (some medical conditions and medications may affect thermoregulation), environmental conditions (higher ambient temperature and relative humidity make it harder for the body to release heat), and physical activity (strenuous work can raise rectal temperature by itself).

Radiated energy can also result in high levels of induced and contact current through the body when in close proximity to high-power RF transmitting antennas. The biological hazards associated with electromagnetic radiation, established by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) C95.1 Standards Committee and adopted by the Tri-Service Electromagnetic Radiation Panel, is in DODINST 6055.11, Protection of DoD Personnel from Exposure to Radiofrequency Radiation and Military Exempt Lasers.

In addition to personnel concerns, RF fields may generate induced currents or voltages that could cause premature activation of electro-explosive devices in ordnance, equipment interference or sparks, and arcs that may ignite flammable materials and fuels.

NAVSEA OP 3565/NAVAIR 16-1-529/NAVELEX 0967-LP-624-6010/Volume I, Electromagnetic Radiation Hazards (U) (Hazards To Personnel, Fuel And Other Flammable Material) (U) [Distribution authorized to U.S. Government agencies and their contractors; administrative/operational use; 1 February 2003. Other requests for this document must be referred to the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) (SEA 05).], and Volume II, Technical Manual, Electromagnetic Radiation Hazards (Hazards to Ordnance) [Note: certificate required], contain RF hazard (RADHAZ) guidance regarding hazards of RF exposure to personnel, fuels, and ordnance. It should be noted that the current industrial specifications for RADHAZ are contained in ANSI/IEEE C95.1-1992, which was used as a reference to create the combined Navy regulation NAVSEA OP3565 /NAVAIR 16-1-529.

The waves around us — wi-fi and 5G concerns: Real or imagined?

By Dave Paone
Campus News

Marie F. despises anything wireless. She despises cell phones, cordless phones and wireless routers. She despises all of these things because they make her physically sick. And she’s especially terrified of the forthcoming 5G.

Her story began about five years ago when she was jolted out of her sleep by what she describes as a “sharp, electrical surge,” going through her body.

Marie found it difficult sleeping each night and suspected it may have had something to do with an electrical current. She tried changing bedrooms, even sleeping in the bathtub some nights.

She hired someone with a gauss meter, which measures magnetic fields. He found high readings coming into the house from the water main in the basement, which were then transferring into her room via the radiator.

She had technicians from the water and electric utilities take a look and they both assured her everything was fine.

A building biologist recommended hiring a plumber and an electrician to install a dielectric union, which prevents excess electricity from the neighboring houses from coming into hers.

It worked. It wasn’t cheap but it worked. For a while.

Then she started feeling listless, with no energy and “almost paralyzed” when she was in her room.

The culprit was the house’s cordless phone. “I feel that thing damned near killed me,” she said.

At first the family didn’t mind that she unplugged the cordless phone each night. Once she started unplugging it during the day, however, they weren’t so understanding.

“It started a war with my family,” she said. “We went to battle. It was screaming… insults hurled… it was just awful.”

Her family thought it was psychosomatic, meaning the problem was all in her head.

Without her family’s knowledge or approval, she replaced the cordless phone with a hard-wired one. This solved Marie’s health problems… for a while.
Soon, she began getting heart palpitations at night and her legs and feet started tingling. The new culprits were two wireless routers. She begged her family to at least shut them off at night, so she could get some sleep. One was turned off; the other wasn’t.

One winter night Marie slept on the front stoop covered with blankets, in an effort to escape the constant barrage of radiation from the router.
She took to turning it off at night herself, which led to more shouting matches. Then she discovered the wireless printer was contributing to her misery as well. “I felt like I was dying,” Marie said.

At long last the family came to a compromise. The routers and wireless devices would get turned off at night.

Marie has what’s called electrohypersensitivity. According to the World Health Organization, EHS is not a recognized medical diagnosis.
But for people like her, adverse reactions to the specific type of radiation that permeates wireless technology are real.

And that’s the crux of their argument. There are two types of radiation: ionizing and non-ionizing. It’s common knowledge that ionizing radiation is harmful.

X-rays are ionizing. So when you have dental x-rays taken, the hygienist covers your torso with a lead apron (to protect your vital organs) and hides behind a lead-lined wall when she takes the pictures. Long-term exposure to ionizing radiation can be deadly.

It’s been thought that non-ionizing radiation, which is what makes wireless devices work, is not harmful. Marie and a host of others worldwide say that’s just not true.

This is where the battle lines are drawn.

Those opposed to non-ionizing radiation cite the many, international studies conducted by scientists who have no connection to the wireless industry. A majority of them conclude that long-term exposure to wireless devices is harmful and deadly.

In the US, the Federal Communications Commission concludes in a 1999 bulletin, “At relatively low levels of exposure to [radio frequency] radiation… the evidence for production of harmful biological effects is ambiguous and unproven.”

Marie is not buying it. She compares this to the cigarette industry — that the tobacco companies knew for years that cigarettes were harmful to the public’s health yet kept this information suppressed from the populace. She’s confident that the FCC knows of the dangers but the wireless lobby is keeping it from making them known.

According to Joel Moskowitz of UC Berkeley, the wireless industry spends $100 million per year lobbying Congress. He states this in the documentary, “Generation Zapped.”

This technology is not going away. In fact, it’s getting bigger and more ubiquitous, specifically in the form of 5G.

Click on the image above to read our latest issue!

Currently, most wireless devices are powered by 4G, the fourth generation of cellular network technology. The next generation, 5G, is already being rolled out.

On its website, Verizon states, “The 5G future is closer than you think…. We are taking a progressive approach to rolling out 5G….”

Campus News reached out to Verizon for their official response to the claim that non-ionizing radiation is indeed harmful, what they know about cell phone RFs as well as what’s ahead with 5G.

We received a reply from Luke Kopetsky of CTIA, the trade association representing the wireless industry in the US. He sent us a link to the website,, as well as links to three recent articles (all 2019) regarding cell phones, 5G and health.

All four links say essentially the same thing: non-ionizing radiation is safe.

Some people with EHS are also affected by smart meters used for gas and electric billing. Instead of meter readers coming to your house to document how much gas and electricity you’ve used, a smart meter transmits this information wirelessly.

Campus News also reached out public utilities, National Grid and PSEG Long Island, for their official stances on smart meters and non-ionizing radiation but did not receive a reply.

In 2016, the Town of Huntington, Long Island, signed a 10-year contract with Crown Castle, a telecommunications infrastructure company, to line the streets with “small cells,” which are something like little cell phone towers. This is in preparation for the forthcoming 5G.

Once they started dotting the landscape, it didn’t sit well with Debbie Persampire (pictured), a soccer mom and resident of the area. She and about 100 other residents voiced their concerns at a town board meeting.

Debbie has since started the activist group, Citizens for 5G Awareness. She and members of the group have had private meetings with the town board. “They have listened to us,” she said.

But the town has said they feel their hands are tied — that it’s a federal issue — and residents need to fight it on a federal level. Debbie doesn’t completely believe that because other states have passed laws limiting this infrastructure.

Installation of the small cells is perfectly legal because Section 704 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, signed by President Clinton, states that no health or environmental concern can interfere with the placement of telecom equipment, such as cell towers and antennas.

As a mother of a nine and a 10 year old, Debbie depends on her cell phone to stay connected with her family, especially in the event of an emergency. She depends on and uses wireless technology every day.

But she takes precautions. One simple fix is to keep her phone away from her body. “Every inch makes a difference,” she said.

Carrying her phone in a bag, rather than in a pocket, puts a distance between it and her and that’s enough to help. Cell phones actually state in their legal sections that this is recommended.

Debbie said that one reason why the results of cell phone testing are inaccurate is that phones are tested at a distance from the body, but in real life no one does that.

Another simple fix is to keep her phone in airplane mode when she’s not using it. Airplane mode shuts off the RF radiation.

A third simple fix is to use an air tube headset, which contains a hollow, flexible tube that replaces a wire, thereby reducing RFs. Wireless ear devices, on the other hand, are extremely hazardous, according to the RF naysayers.

Another change was to hardwire everything at home. That means no smart meters and Wi-Fi. Her family still uses computers, but they’re driven by fiber optic cables.

While all these modifications are under her control, she and her group have not yet won the battle over small cells outside their houses.

Where we currently stand is the wireless communication companies, the public utilities and their scientists say wireless technology and 5G are safe. Those suffering from EHS, those with small cells in front of their houses and their scientists say they’re not.

Debbie recalled a recent exchange she had with a college student. She was at a barbecue and was seated next to him. He had a cell phone and placed it over his lower abdomen.

“It was driving me crazy, and I finally said, ‘Do you know there’s a message inside your phone that tells you not to put it on your body?’”
Unaware of this, he gave her his phone and she found the warning in the legal notifications.

According to Debbie, after reading it, he said, “From now on I’m going to keep it on the table next to me, and I’m going to stop sleeping with it next to my head.”

Score one for Debbie.

CLOSE THE DEAL — Book 2019-20, get next summer AND Campus New Latino free

INTERNATIONAL APPEAL-Stop 5G on Earth and in Space

For the Earth, I thank all of you who have already signed, and I ask each of you to please forward this email to at least 10 others who have not yet signed the International Appeal to Stop 5G on Earth and in Space. We are gathering volunteers from around the world who will hand-deliver this Appeal to the governments of all nations during the month of October. Please contact me at if you wish to volunteer.
The assault on life by radio waves that began in 1896 — that is now increasing so rapidly, and is injuring so many people and so many forms of life — must finally be acknowledged, and it must finally be halted. We do not have much time. Scientists, doctors, government officials, and injured people must all meet together in one place to put a stop to it. It is the most immediate threat to life on Earth, and its solution is therefore the key to our survival. If we can stop 5G, then maybe we can also stop the threats to our forests, oceans, atmosphere, and climate. They are all products of unbridled technologies that we think are necessary for modern life, but are really antithetical to life itself.

130,000 Signatures So Far

The International Appeal to Stop 5G on Earth and in Space has now been translated into 30 languages. It has been signed, thus far, by more than 129,000 individuals and more than 1,100 organizations from 203 countries and territories. They include:

3,381 scientists
1,913 medical doctors
5,848 engineers
3,525 psychologists, psychotherapists and social workers
3,052 nurses

All signatures are now on our website, and the number of signatures is now updated in real time automatically.

I have just added a new category of signers: beekeepers. This is because beekeepers from around the world are signing in increasing numbers, and because 5G poses such a threat to honey bees worldwide.

*** Organizations that signed between June 3 and July 28 should sign again. For reasons that are not clear, all organization signatures submitted between June 3 and July 28 were blocked by my email provider and those signatures are lost. The problem has been fixed. Please alert all organizations that you are associated with that if they signed the Appeal during that time and their name does not appear on the Organizations page of our website, they should sign again, here:​.

Satellite LaunchesElon Musk’s company, SpaceX, plans to launch 12,000 satellites to supply 5G globally from space. The first 60 satellites were launched on May 23, 2019 from Cape Canaveral, Florida. The second set of 60 satellites are scheduled to be launched on November 17; the third set of 60 satellites on December 4. As soon as 420 satellites are launched, SpaceX plans to begin providing global 5G service to a limited number of customers. This must not happen. The activation of 5G satellites in space threatens catastrophic effects, as early as this coming spring — not from the direct radiation, but from the alteration of the Earth’s electromagnetic environment, upon which everyone depends for their life and health. Details are in this article: Planetary Emergency.

Elon’s younger brother, Kimbal Musk, who is on SpaceX’s board of directors, lives in Boulder, Colorado, and is an environmentalist who cares about the Earth and our future. One of the organizations he founded, Big Green, has dozens of officers and team members and has installed raised bed “Learning Gardens” in public schools throughout the area. I am reaching out to all my contacts in Boulder, to see if any of them knows someone connected with Kimbal Musk and can get us an appointment with him.

Birds in Peril

Canadian scientists with the National Research Council proved already in the 1960s that bird feathers make good receiving aerials for microwave radiation and that low-level microwaves cause birds distressdeteriorated health and mortality. Spanish biologist Alfonso Balmori has proved that radio waves interfere with nesting and reproduction. Scientists at the University of Oldenburg in Germany have proved that radio waves interfere with bird migration.

Two week ago, I received a phone call from geneticist Julian Northey in Ontario, Canada. He told me that last year, many Canadian geese were so disoriented that they never flew south for the winter. He observed flocks of geese near the shore of Lake Ontario, flying due east one day, due west the following day, and due east the day after that. In the dead of winter, in January and into February, when they should have been south in a warmer climate, they were still in Canada flying back and forth, unable to find their bearings, honking and honking in distress.

Unlike irradiated humans, irradiated birds are not on anti-depressants and anti-anxiety medications. Instead, they are attacking people. “Proving Hitchcock Right, Bird Attacks Are Turning Violent This Summer”, read a July 15, 2019 headline in the Wall Street Journal. In Massachusetts, Minnesota, British Columbia, Montana, Colorado and Illinois, red-winged blackbirds, crows, hawks and wild turkeys are divebombing people and whacking them in the head.

In Bulgaria in June, 5G was tested for the first time in Sofia. According to an email I received on July 17 from a 20-year-old girl who lives there, this resulted in the deaths of more than 700 pigeons — reminiscent of an earlier, similar report from The Hague.

Where have all the Birds Gone?” asked Max Silverman on July 1, 2019 in his Birding Diary from England. “I have been out with the camera several times since my last blog which was over a month ago now but have really struggled to find any birds to point the camera at,” he writes.

Here in Santa Fe, New Mexico, Richard Balthazar wrote on July 1, 2019: “This past week I’ve been horrified to see the cherries ripening on the tree next door — and simply hanging there till over-ripe and falling to litter the ground. Always before, as the cherries started to turn red, the tree would be a-flutter with flocks of birds pecking the heck out of them. Now I’ve seen no more than three of our little birds struggling to reach a fruit or two. Where have all the birds gone?”

Insect Armageddon

This youtube video from California showing dead and dying bees falling out of the air near mobile phone antennas has been circulating recently.

Alongside birds, the world’s insect populations are plummeting just as drastically, if not more so. This is not surprising, considering that all insects have antennae, with which they detect their environment and communicate with one another. This is explained in the important booklet, Bees, Birds and Mankind: Destroying Nature by ‘Electrosmog’, published in 2007 by German biologist Ulrich Warnke.

In the last two years, scientists worldwide are waking up to this emergency. In 2017, scientists reported that the number of flying insects in 63 protect nature areas in Germany had declined by 75 to 80 percent since 1989. In September 2018, scientists reported that the number of insects caught in sticky traps in a Puerto Rican rainforest had declined, incredibly, by 97 to 98 percent since the 1970s. And in January 2019, scientists from Australia and Belgium concluded that these types of declines are occurring worldwide and among all types of insects. On February 10, 2019, a headline in The Guardian announced: “Plummeting insect numbers ‘threaten collapse of nature’”. Some scientists are blaming this on pesticides, habitat loss, or climate change. Others are throwing up their hands and saying “We don’t know why this is happening.”

But it has been happening for a long time. By 1906, ninety percent of the honey bees had disappeared from the Isle of Wight, where Marconi had established his first permanent radio station. The progression from “Isle of Wight disease” to “disappearing disease” to “colony collapse disorder” to “insect armageddon” has brought us to the brink of catastrophe. We do know why, and it must, finally, be halted.

“It Feels Like I’m Living in a Microwave Oven”One day in April of this year, 5G antennas were installed near an apartment building in Geneva, Switzerland. Johan Perruchoud, age 29, a video and film maker who lives on the fifth floor, suddenly couldn’t sleep, and his ears started whistling. “In particular at home,” he says, “I felt —how can I put it — like I was in a microwave oven. I was not well in the house, as if I was surrounded by ghosts.”

His neighbor, actor and director Elidan Arzoni, age 50, fared worse. On the same day in April, his ears suddenly started making very loud sounds, so loud that it is “unlivable”, and he felt pains on the left side and back of his skull, and in his chest. His chest pains were so violent that he thought he was having a heart attack and went to the hospital emergency room two days later. His wife and three children, ages 9, 16 and 21, all suffer from insomnia, which began at the same time in April.

I received an email at the end of May from a social worker in Vancouver, Canada. She works for the Vancouver Coastal Health Authority. “Vancouver is seriously radioactive. Someone please help me,” she wrote. I spoke with her and she echoed Mr. Arzoni’s words: her city is unlivable. Vancouver is leading the way in Canada in the installation of 5G.

Thank you to all who have already donated. Alongside the International Appeal to Stop 5G on Earth and in Space, we are funding a lawsuit to stop 5G in the United States. Our goal is to raise one million dollars. This would pay our lawyers, and it would buy publicity around the world. Please contact me if you can help with fundraising. Donations from ten dollars up to a few thousand dollars can be made on our website, here:
For larger donations, please contact me. Donations from U.S. residents are tax-deductible.
I have about 1,000 copies left of my book, The Invisible Rainbow: A History of Electricity and LifeYou can purchase it here. All proceeds go to support the campaign to stop 5G. It is the first book ever published that tells the history and science of electricity, including radio waves, from an environmental point of view, with chapters on cancer, heart disease and diabetes, as well as birds, insects, forests and wildlife. Dr. Kate Showers of the University of Sussex has likened it to Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring. When these last 1,000 are sold out, I will issue a second edition. Please contact me if you are a publisher who would like to publish the second edition, in English or any other language.

MAINE-Blistering analysis faults CMP for poor management, system defects



Updated September 7

Blistering analysis faults CMP for poor management, system defects

A report by the Maine Office of the Public Advocate criticizes Central Maine Power for failing to fix a defective billing and metering system that resulted in thousands of inaccurate bills, and recommends hiring a third party to oversee proper testing.

Two years after launch, Central Maine Power’s defective billing and metering system continues to generate inaccurate customer invoices, Maine’s public utilities watchdog said in a scathing report released Friday

The power company failed to follow industry best practices leading up to the launch of its SmartCare system in 2017 and did not catch and fix a number of system defects, according to twin reports released Friday by senior auditors from BerryDunn, a Portland consulting firm contracted by the Maine Office of the Public Advocate.

The auditors reached their conclusions about SmartCare system testing, and billing and metering defects after reviewing thousands of customer invoices and CMP documents and data.

Those defects meant customers were provided inaccurate meter read dates, kilowatt hour usage, days of use and delivery charges. Long periods of unbilled power use created confusing and misleading electricity bills with no explanation, the report said.

In some instances, CMP staff manually changed coding in the system to indicate a meter had been read when it had not been, auditors found. In other cases, customers may have been overcharged Maine sales tax because of billing errors.

“Based on these findings, we believe that the CMP SmartCare system, almost two years post go-live, has significant problems with how it is producing and presenting invoices for some of its customers,” the report on billing and metering defects concludes.

A Central Maine Power spokeswoman said the company will thoroughly review the audit results and respond by Oct. 16, as called for in the ongoing Maine Public Utilities Commission investigation into customer complaints.

“CMP has determined that the recent MPUC staff analysis, that aligned with the Liberty Consulting Group audit, determined there are no systemic issues with our SmartCare system following an analysis of customer data for every customer account and meter and more than 4 million bills,” company spokeswoman Catharine Hartnett said in a statement, referencing two previous reports that concluded there were no systemic problems in the company’s meter or billing systems. “Should the (Public Advocate) audit reveal an undiscovered malfunction with the SmartCare system, CMP will, of course, correct it.”

The company has previously blamed customers’ high bills on their energy usage and the weather, and not on failures of its billing system. It has hired more customer service representatives to better respond to customer complaints, and last month announced a $6 million fund to compensate customers with disputed bills.

While the BerryDunn analysts were unable to identify a single defect or set of defects that caused the customer complaints about high electricity bills, they also could not rule out that those complaints have merit or that system issues were isolated to the 1,370 accounts they analyzed. Central Maine Power has about 620,000 customer accounts.

From their analysis, “we believe the nature and extent of the issues we identified call into question the overall integrity of the system and its ability to provide accurate, timely and reliable invoices to CMP customers,” auditors said in the conclusion of the report on billing and metering defects.

In a Friday interview, Public Advocate Barry Hobbins said the findings show serious problems with CMP’s billing and metering system. He hopes the auditors’ recommendation that CMP’s system undergo supervised validation testing is taken seriously by the Public Utilities Commission, which regulates utilities in Maine.

“It is absolutely impossible to move forward in the present cloud of the lack of public confidence ratepayers have for Central Maine Power Co.,” Hobbins said.

“Problems are still being reported to our office and to the Public Utilities Commission, there are ongoing issues and they are not being fully addressed because we can’t get to the root of the problems,” Hobbins said. “To do that we need validation and testing by an independent third party.”

The findings differ from earlier reports concluding increased power use and a rate increase, not system glitches, caused high customer bills in winter 2017-18. At least 97,000 CMP customers received bills that were 50 percent or more higher than typical bills during that same period a year earlier.

A December 2018 Liberty Consulting Group audit said there were gaps in training and testing, but overall the company’s meter system was accurate. A report from Public Utilities Commission staff released this week reached the same conclusion.

Instead of focusing on the five-month period when the problems first arose, the public advocate looked at more than a year of customer invoices and testimony from May 2018 through this summer. It focused on 5,400 invoices from customer accounts believed to be inaccurate. BerryDunn was paid at least $240,000 by the Office of the Public Advocate for its work.

The public advocate’s review finds that CMP failed to conduct proper testing and risk analysis to catch defects before launching the system in 2017. The company’s responses to commission inquiries as late as June do not provide confidence that all defects are currently being caught, managed and used in decision-making, BerryDunn’s report said.

“Based on the documentation and testimony provided, it is not clear if CMP leadership and staff possess the knowledge of best practices and have experience to apply them,” the auditors said. “It is possible that some or all of these best practices were purposefully ignored.”

The conclusions mirror findings from a Portland Press Herald/Maine Sunday Telegram investigation that showed CMP mismanaged the rollout of its new billing system by taking shortcuts in testing and training, and then misled the public.

Sumner Lipman, an attorney representing CMP customers in a lawsuit against the company, said the public advocate’s new report was significant because it found the same billing and metering issues in a different timeframe than earlier audits.

“It is very important because it shows that the problem persists, it hasn’t gone away,” Lipman said in an interview Friday.

“The other interesting part is that the staff of the PUC is saying it is all due to cold, there is nothing wrong,” he said. “They are not admitting they have a problem even now.”

The BerryDunn auditors found at least two flaws in CMP’s billing system and a number of other issues. One defect inaccurately reflects some meter read dates on customer invoices, impacting the number of days in a billing period. Another causes the first month of usage on a new account to be recorded as a zero, which causes expensive bills and excessive power use in later months, auditors found. Both defects create unpredictable and misleading bills, they said. Because of the billing lag, some customers may have been overcharged Maine sales tax because they were shown using more than the 750 kWh per month state tax exemption.

Central Maine Power already identified some of the issues in commission filings, but the severity and impact of the defects was not apparent in the company’s memo, auditors said.

Other issues were that customers have no way of knowing if a meter reading is an estimate or actual, that the system does not display the final meter reading when it is disconnected and it allows manual meter reading adjustments by CMP staff to be coded as actual readings.

To deal with the problems, CMP should run tests on its entire system under supervision from an independent third party, auditors recommended. Any customers who were overcharged should be repaid, and CMP’s shareholders, not the public, should bear the cost for testing and fixing the system. Central Maine Power is owned by Avangrid, a Connecticut energy company, which is a subsidiary of Iberdrola, a Spanish energy company.

News of enduring problems with CMP’s meter and billing system is not a surprise to Rob DuPaul. The Sanford resident  said he had a hard time selling his home because of inexplicably high electricity bills, an issue he was unable to resolve with CMP despite repeated attempts. He is frustrated and skeptical of what he calls CMP’s excuses.

“Right now as it sits, they are trying to pull it off, even though we all know there is something wrong with the situation here, there is something wrong with the system,” DuPaul said.

Even with in-depth investigations and numerous reports, DuPaul is not sure there will be a resolution that benefits CMP customers.

“I don’t have confidence that it is going to change,” he said. “I believe anything that is going to happen with them, we are not going to get the good end of the stick here.”

The auditors’ reports were filed with the Maine Public Utilities Commission, which is conducting its own investigation into CMP’s problem bills and the quality of its customer service. A finding from the three-member commission is expected in December.

Blistering analysis faults CMP for poor management, system defects

Rodney Palmer on Wi-Fi Dangers and Deaths (20 min youtube

Published on Nov 7, 2018

Seems the Royal Society of Canada was more interested in attacking Mr Palmer for what he said than the deadly effects of wifi on the children. Rodney Palmer Safety Code 6 Presentation to the Royal Society of Canada Courtesy of C4STorg Published on 10 Jan 2014… Comment by S Dickerson I was a public school teacher where high density wifi was installed. Within 2 days, my heart beat was so out of control, I thought I would drop dead any minute. I managed only 4 days in that wifi. My school officials refused to hear my issue, refused to address my health crisis, and forced me out of my loved job and forced me out of my career. Since then, I am now terribly sensitive to all wireless. I feel terrible for all the children that are still there.


EMF Studies: Industry Funding Sways Findings

EMF Studies: Industry Funding
Sways Findings

Power Line-Cancer Links Show Consistency, Not Contradictions

September 4, 2019

Industry-funded studies have promoted false doubts about EMF cancer risks and led to the failure of the public health community to reduce exposures, argues David Carpenter in a paper published last week in Environmental Research.

Carpenter, the director of the Institute for Health and the Environment at the University of Albany in upstate New York, shows that, over the last 20 years, findings on the link between power line (ELF) EMFs and childhood leukemia have been heavily influenced by their source of funding. Government or independently sponsored studies have “consistently” shown that higher exposures lead to the greater cancer risks, while those supported by electrical utilities “consistently” have not.

These superficial contradictions have led to unwarranted doubt and inaction, according to Carpenter: “The public is confused and many times the press declares that results are ‘inconsistent’ when in fact they are very consistent if one does not consider the results of industry-funded studies.”

He writes:

“It is remarkable that in the 40 years after [Nancy] Wertheimer and [Ed] Leeper (1979) first reported an association between exposure to magnetic fields from residential power lines and elevated risk of childhood cancer, and the large number of subsequent investigations, that there is still controversy over the question, ‘Does exposure to magnetic fields cause cancer?’”

The main reason for the uncertainty, Carpenter maintains, is that industry studies have weakened the findings of meta-analyses by diluting the “true association” between ELF EMFs and cancer. As a result, the medical and public health communities have failed to advise people to reduce their EMF exposures. He calls the current situation “unacceptable.”

Beyond childhood leukemia, Carpenter points out that individual studies and meta-analyses have shown “strong evidence” that excessive exposure to magnetic fields increases the risks of adult leukemia, male and female breast cancer and brain cancer.

In an interview, Carpenter said that he was “a bit surprised” by the strength of the links between adult cancers and ELF EMFs, where the industry-funded bias is less apparent. This “may be simply because few have paid attention to adult cancers, and therefore the industry has chosen to discredit the whole cancer association by focusing on childhood cancer,” he said.

In the early 1980s, Carpenter led the New York Power Line Project, which sponsored the first replication of the Wertheimer-Leeper study by David Savitz, then at the University of Colorado. (See our report from 1986 when those results were announced —to the surprise of the electric utilities.)

Over a decade ago, a team of Swiss researchers showed a similar bias among studies on the health effects of cell phone radiation.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Sleep Disruption: Evidence that both power frequency and radio frequency magnetic fields may be a co-factor to investigate in treatments.


BJP leader seeks UP Power minister’s interference against corruption by electricity department


BJP leader seeks UP Power minister's interference against corruption by electricity department

BJP leader seeks UP Power minister’s interference against corruption by electricity department

Bajpai in his letter called for the intervention of the power minister to stop the alleged corruption.

Lucknow: Former president of BJP’s Uttar Pradesh unit, Laxmikant Bajpai on Thursday wrote to the state’s power minister Shrikant Sharma flagging the alleged corruption in the electricity meter reading and purported delay in correcting the faulty meters by the employees of electricity department.

In his letter Bajpai stated that there were reports of discrepancies in electricity bills of users. “In ‘smart meter‘ the bill amount is inflated 2.5 times as compared to the reading on the electronic meter,” he said.

Bajpai alleged that electricity department officials deliberately delay correcting the faulty meter and demand bribes from the user to do so.

“It is essential to inspect the meters but there is corruption going on in the guise of this exercise and it cannot be overlooked,” he said in the letter.



%d bloggers like this: