This list is a compilation of citations for 1,670 peer-reviewed papers about electromagnetic fields (EMF) published in scientific journals from 1979 through 2018. The list includes all papers that PowerWatch published on its website as of October 11, 2018.
This is not a comprehensive list of studies. PowerWatch selected these studies from their internal database of 15,000 (approx.) scientific papers, most of which address EMF.
Powerwatch has been researching the links between EMF and health risks for more than 25 years. The organization, which is completely independent of government and industry, gathers information to help the lay person understand this issue. For more information about PowerWatch go to: https://www.powerwatch.org.uk/docs/aboutus.asp.
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Japan and Korea Planning Their Own Cell Phone Animal Studies
Verifying NTP Cancer Findings
October 23, 2018
Japanese and Korean officials are working on a partial replication of the U.S. National Toxicology Program (NTP) animal study on cancer risks from cell phone radiation. The project is expected to be approved and get underway late next year.
Though collaborating on a common experimental design, each country will carry out its own exposures with animals from the same breeder. If the designs are similar enough, the two sets of data will be combined in a joint analysis.
“We have been discussing this issue in Japan,” said Masao Taki of the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at Tokyo Metropolitan University, who was a member of ICNIRP from 1996 to 2008. Taki, who is usually well informed on national EMF/RF policies, declined to offer any other specifics. He is not alone. Many insiders would not comment at all. The few who were willing to talk insisted on anonymity.
In Korea the project has been dubbed “NTP Plus,” though “NTP Lite” might be more appropriate.
Microwave News has been told that the new project will be much less ambitious than that of the NTP, which cost in excess of $25 million. The NTP ran eight different experiments: male and female mice and rats were each exposed to GSM or CDMA radiation.
In contrast, the Japanese and Koreans would each run a single permutation: male Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to only one type of radiation. The NTP found the strongest indication of a cancer risk among male rats.
The Japanese are slated to test CDMA, while the Koreans have yet to make a final decision. They may decide to use 900 MHz LTE (4G/5G), but others want to stick with CDMA to validate —or refute— the NTP results. Another concern is that if the two countries use different signals, they would be unable to do a joint analysis.
Both are likely to use a smaller number of animals than the NTP. Japan will expose 70 rats compared to 105 in each of the NTP animal groups. The Koreans have yet to settle on the size of the animal groups.
In addition to the exposed rats, Japan is planning to include three sets of controls: “shams” that would be treated exactly the same way as those exposed but without radiation, “cage controls” that would be allowed to live free over the course of the experiment, and what might called “thermal controls.” This last group would be exposed to some other physical agent —probably infrared radiation— to raise the rats’ core temperature. The objective is to test the possibility that a thermal stimulus can lead to glioma or schwannoma of the heart, as seen in both the NTP and Italian Ramazzini studies following RF exposure. The Koreans are said to be using only two sets of controls, forgoing the thermal controls.
As with the NTP experiments, both countries will cycle the radiation on and off every ten minutes. The rats will be exposed for 18 hours/day for two years beginning in the womb. The intensity of the RF exposures has not yet been decided, but SARs of 0.4 to 4 W/Kg are under consideration.
Sources stressed that no final decisions have been reached and the design of each country’s experiment may change.
Like NTP and Ramazzini, the new project will use free-roaming animals to avoid stress that could confound the results. (This happened 20 years ago in the ill-fated PERFORM-A, the European RF–animal project.) Reverberation chambers will be built locally and are expected to have a different design than those supplied by IT’IS in Zurich for the NTP animal exposures.
One well-placed Japanese observer expressed concern that the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC) is in charge of the new project. A health agency would have been preferred. The ministry has a conflict, he pointed out, because its main mission is to improve communication networks. Another fear is that MIC will place too much emphasis on engineering at the expense of biology.
Consultations with NTP and a Meeting in Paris
Japanese and Korean officials have already consulted with NTP’s Michael Wyde, according to John Bucher, a former associate director of the toxicology program. Wyde ran the day-to-day operations of the NTP study and is now working to complete the final report. (It is expected by the end of the year.) Bucher serves as a senior scientist but remains in charge of the NTP cell phone project.
There will be further discussions of the Asian initiative at the upcoming GLORE 2018 meeting to be held in Paris, November 12-13. GLORE —an acronym for Global Coordination of Research and Health Policy of RF Electromagnetic Fields— brings together representatives from government, industry and academia. It began over 20 years ago as a collaboration between Japan and Korea; the U.S. and European countries joined later. (For more background, see this short PowerPoint from last year’s meeting at the FCC in Washington.)
Joe Wiart, of Telecom Paris Tech, a prominent engineering school and formerly of France Telecom (now Orange), is helping organize the November meeting. As in previous years, Wiart told us, the first day is open to all, but the second is by invitation only. The rationale for closing the doors is to “discuss political/critical issues,” explained Katsuya Watanabe, a senior MIC official, at the 2016 GLORE conference in Yokohama.
Wiart said that the agenda is still in preparation. A draft obtained by Microwave Newsindicates that a major topic of discussion will be the new 5G wireless systems and the challenges they pose to RF exposure assessment and epidemiology.
Also planned is an ICNIRP presentation on its recent critique of the NTP and Ramazzini animal studies. That unsigned statement argued that the studies were too inconsistent and had too many limitations to justify a revision of exposure limits.
Immediately following GLORE 2018, ICNIRP will have its own three-day meeting. It has a full agenda, according to Eric van Rongen, the chairman of the Commission. During the first two days, members will review the more than 100 comments that have been received on ICNIRP’s draft RF guidelines and will also try to complete a statement defining the Commission’s “basic philosophy,” van Rongen told us. On the third day, November 16, ICNIRP will hold its annual general meeting.
When the Federal Communication Commission (FCC) approved the use of 5-G microwave communication technology in 2016 and approved the use of microwave frequencies in the 30 Ghz range, , they opened the door to even higher levels of human illness and severe disability for American children and adults.
Microwave radiation such as that currently being used in cell phones, Wi-Fi routers, and smart meters has already been linked to numerous health effects.
The introduction of even more intense levels of microwave exposure at higher frequencies will push many people into life-threatening chronic illness. High frequency microwave radiation is often overlooked as a causative factor in illness, because most conventional healthcare providers, government regulators, telecom companies, and electric utilities believe microwave radiation used in communication technology is harmless. 
Despite the warnings being raised by scientists, well informed healthcare providers, and grassroots organizations about existing and future microwave hazards, [3, 4, 5] telecom companies are planning to implement 5G technology throughout every urban area in America. They are already testing this new generation wireless telecommunication infrastructure in Boston, Austin, Palo Alto, and Mountain View California. [6, 7]
In a January 2017 announcement, AT&T described their plan for future technology deployment. The announcement stated:
Our 5G Evolution plans will pave the way to the next-generation of higher speeds for customers. We’re not waiting until the final standards are set to lay the foundation for our evolution to 5G. We’re executing now,” said John Donovan, chief strategy officer and group president, Technology and Operations.  [emphasis added]
The Battle to Implement 5G has begun in California
Proposed legislation in California would permit telecom companies to erect 50,000 new microwave antennas in residential and commercial areas without municipal approval.
The 5G microwave antennas would be placed on top of existing utility poles or on public infrastructure such as schools, libraries, bus shelters, and in public parks. The placement of this equipment will be at the discretion of the telecom companies. [9, 10, 11]
Health Dangers of Microwave Radiation have been Well Documented
The symptoms of microwave radiation exposure include fatigue, headaches, heart palpitations, high pitched ringing in the ears, dizziness, disturbed sleep at night, sleepiness in daytime, moodiness, irritability, unsociability, feelings of fear, anxiety, nervous tension, mental depression, memory impairment, pain in muscles, pain in the region of the heart, and breathing difficulties, to name a few.
Inflammation (caused by excess histamine in the blood), oxidative stress, autoimmune responses, reduced blood flow to the region of the thalamus, pathologic leakage of the blood-brain barrier, and a deficit in melatonin metabolic availability have all been observed.
There is evidence that existing and new frequencies of microwave radiation are associated with cancer, heart disease, neurological dysfunction, immune system suppression, cataracts of the eyes, and sperm malformation. [12, 13]
5G Microwaves have Harmful Biological Effects
In her testimony before the California legislature, Dr. Ann Lee, M.D., indicated that there are 20,000 well established scientific studies on the bio-effects of radio frequency radiation.
She confirmed that microwave radiation such as that from the proposed 5G wireless facilities that would be deployed in California has been shown to cause neurological damage, cardiac dysfunction, reproductive harm, immune compromises, and cancer. 
Dr. Ronald Powell, Ph.D., expands upon these concerns. Dr. Powell received his doctorate in Applied Physics from Harvard University in 1975, and has worked for the National Science Foundation and the National Institute of Standards on energy policy research and R&D program evaluation.
He is uniquely qualified to interpret the junction between the physics of electromagnetic fields and the biological effects these fields produce. 
In a letter to the FCC, Dr. Ronald Powell stated:
It would greatly extend FCC’s current policy of the mandatory irradiation of the public without adequate prior study of the potential health impact and assurance of safety. It would irradiate everyone, including the most vulnerable to harm from radio frequency radiation: pregnant women, unborn children, young children, teenagers, men of reproductive age, the elderly, the disabled, and the chronically ill. 
AT&T: Let Us Install Microwave Transmitter on Your Home or Lose Service
Now that more than 50% of homes are wireless, telecom companies plan to abandon copper phone lines used for their phone service and create a wireless phone system. For example, Michigan has passed a law permitting this, and AT&T is working with all 21 states in its service territory to bring this about. [17, 18, 19]
As an alternative to the wired system, telecom companies plan to install wireless microwave transmitters on homes as a method of providing traditional phone service. In the case of AT&T customers, the only way you will be able to prevent them from installing such devices on your home is to remove AT&T as your service provider. 
In addition, telecom companies plan to install microwave antennas on top of electrical power poles near homes and businesses, and on top of public buildings throughout every urban area and in every neighborhood.
California Legislators Consider Bill to Allow More Microwave Radiation
But this is not just about offensive looking antennas!
Nina Beety described the situation in the article she wrote for StopSmartMeters.org. She is the moderator of the Wireless Radiation Alert Network and distributes her research about the harmful effects of electromagnetic fields and the dangers of smart meters on her website, SmartMeterHarm.org.
Nina Beety stated:
Spaced approximately every 10-20 homes, cell antennas will hang in one or more clusters on utility or light poles. Equipment cabinets the size of refrigerators, with cooling fans and back-up generators, will sit on sidewalks. Towers will be located in the public right of way a few feet from bedroom windows, offices, schools, hospitals and nursing homes.
Called “small cells,” there is little difference in size for many of these antennas; the chief difference is the location on utility poles versus large towers. Measurements of these cell towers recently taken in Palo Alto found high levels of radiation on the sidewalk below them — levels higher than those associated in research with breaches in the blood-brain barrier, free radical formation, DNA damage, cancer and tumors, and heart rhythm disturbances. 
Nina Beety is specifically describing the proposed system that would be implemented in California if the telecom companies get their way. Currently, a bill permitting the establishment of the 5G system has been passed by the California Senate. A legislative committee will be considering the bill on July 12, 2017. A rally at the State House in Sacramento is planned for July 12th. Please see the following urgent call for action and related links for the details.
Urgent Call to Action for Californians
The announcement from StopSmartMeters.org states:
The Assembly Local Government Committee voted 6-1 to approve SB 649 on Wednesday June 28th (even after hearing the below testimony). It goes next to the Communications and Conveyance Committee at 1:30pm on July 12th. People are coming from all over the state to be there on this day to speak out against SB 649, including mayors, and regular people opposed to the bill. Will you be one of them?