Smart Cities Could Be Crippled by Dumb Security

Connectivity

Smart Cities Could Be Crippled by Dumb Security

A hack that activated hurricane sirens in Dallas is a harmless warning about a far more serious problem.

Urban centers around the world increasingly drip with technology. But as a hack over the weekend reminds us, city officials mustn’t forget that cybersecurity is a critical part of adding smarts to the urban environment.

On Friday night, residents of Dallas struggled to get as much sleep as they might have liked. At around 11:40 P.M., the city’s hurricane warning system sounded: 156 emergency sirens, all screaming out in unison. It happened another 15 times, each burst lasting 90 seconds, until the alarms finally fell silent around 1:20 on Saturday morning.

But as the New York Times reports, there was no hurricane coming—the sounds were triggered by a hacker who’d penetrated the system’s security measures. Few details have emerged about the hack, save for the fact that it’s thought to have been carried out locally and was very effective (technicians couldn’t stop the hacker, so they had to shut down the entire system to quiet the alarms).

Ultimately the hack didn’t cause any damage: the impact was limited to sleeplessness, complaints, and a doubling of 911 calls as some residents panicked. But it does serve as a reminder of the importance of securing urban infrastructure against cyberattacks.

Researchers have been finding vulnerabilities in connected city hardware, from traffic signals to smart meters, for several years now. The concern is that as such infrastructure proliferates, with devices increasingly connected by the Internet of things, hackers will identify more flaws and and use them to plunge whole cities into chaos.

There have been real-life examples of that happening already. Late last year, hackers threw 20 percent of the Ukrainian city of Kiev into total darkness after they used phishing attacks to gain control of electricity substations. And San Francisco’s Municipal Transportation Agency had its light rail network held hostage by ransomware last November.

For now such problems are inconvenient rather than catastrophic. But as Peter Tran, a senior director at RSA Security, recently pointed out, things could get worse. “What would keep a city leader up at night is not so much if his or her city had a data breach or power outage,” he explained, writing for IT Pro Portal, “but if the interconnected smart infrastructures such as payroll processing, banking … and revenue collection systems are also affected.” In that situation, where multiple systems all break down, disruption or deletion of data could bring the financial systems on which cities run grinding to a halt. And with it, city life.

When designing the cities of the future, “cybersecurity considerations should be on par with every design and architecture requirement,” Tran advised. That may be difficult advice to listen to when the prospect of shiny new infrastructure is on offer—but heeding such a warning could prove invaluable in the future.

(Read more: New York Times, IT Pro Portal, “Ransomware Took San Francisco’s Public Transit for a Ride,”  “Ukraine’s Power Grid Gets Hacked Again, a Worrying Sign for Infrastructure Attacks,” “Humans Do Dumb Things with Smart Cities”)

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Smart meter drive should prompt caution

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

Smart meter drive should prompt caution
POSTED: 04/09/2017 07:42:09 PM MDT smart meter drive should prompt caution Smart meter drive should prompt caution

On Oct. 27, 2016, Loveland Utilities Commission and Fort Collins Energy Board held a special joint meeting. In that meeting something was mentioned in their discussion topic called “Utilize Existing and New Technology” that is very important concerning Loveland residents and that is a key account pilot program using smart meters.

Fort Collins has already saturated its residents with these dangerous and privacy invasive meters. The “Bingo” word for these meters is energy efficiency, which they are not, as Fort Collins resident saw massive increases in their utility bills. Fire safety is another major issue with these meters causing house fire across America and Canada. If your home’s electrical wiring system is older than 2002 it is not efficient for these meters. Please view the link: http://allnewspipeline.com/insidiously_evil_and_deadly_smart_meters.php. If businesses in Loveland are the guinea pigs in this new smart meter pilot program you can bet all private residences will soon follow.

Loveland, demand to keep your perfectly working and safe analog utility meters. Please go to the website “Refuse Smart Meters.com” for further review.

Larry Wallace

Loveland

http://www.reporterherald.com/opinion/letters/ci_30910777/smart-meter-drive-should-prompt-caution

Smart meters and cell damage from pulsed em radiation – our health at risk?

Smart meters and cell damage

from pulsed em radiation – our health at risk?
Lynne Wycherley

11th April 2017

‘Smart meters’ looked like a great idea, writes Lynne Wycherley, giving us more control over our energy use. The downside? They emit as many as 14,000 short bursts of intense microwave radiation a day, disrupting cellular electrochemistry and causing health symptoms from migraine to tinnitus, insomnia, dizziness, anxiety, chest pain, palpitations and memory loss. Now a growing number of ‘electro-sensitives’ have had enough!

Smart meters’ should be abolished because they use short high-intensity pulses of microwave radiation. We know from the nanosecond studies these can be very damaging with calcium channel activation continuing long after the pulse has ceased.
As early as 2012, environmental health Professor David Carpenter, founder of Albany School of Public Health, and author of 370 peer-reviewed publications, issued a public letter on the plausible toxic risks of intensive, pulsed-microwave smart metering.

His letter Smart-meters: Correcting the Gross Misinformation was rapidly signed by 50 international health experts.

“We, the undersigned … have co-authored hundreds of peer-reviewed studies on the health effects of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) … Mass deployment of smart grids could expose large chunks of the general population to alarming risk scenarios …

“More than a thousand studies done on low intensity, high frequency, non-ionizing radiation going back at least fifty years, show … biochemical changes which … may lead to diseases.”

Noting, among other risks, the free-radical / cellular / genetic harm recorded in many recent papers on wireless exposure – and the relative potency of smart-meters’ pulses – he adds: “Prolonged exposure … may eventually lead to cellular malfunction … With both cell towers and smart meters, the entire body is immersed by microwaves.”

Though his letter needs updating (see Belpomme, for example, below) he and his signatories are correct in signalling that all of us in the Green movement – activists, politicians, energy suppliers, families – have been given a sanitised version of long-term EMF health risks, including from high-density smart metering. At worst, equivalent to Big Tobacco’s “smoke it baby! there are no risks!”

The International Appeal to the United Nations

Though there is no world consensus on the degree of risk arising from pulsed-microwave pollution (RF-EMFs), it is salutary that most independent EMF scientists are voicing caution. And their numbers are rising rapidly.

In an unprecedented step, 190 precautionary scientists launched an appeal to the United Nations (2015, ongoing) to seek progressive, healthy alternatives to high-SARS phones / tablets and the piercing pulsed microwaves from smart meters, plus similar rollouts.

“Now is the time to ask serious questions about this emerging environmental health crisis”, their video warns, before offering some strong medicine:

“We have created something that is harming us and it is getting out of control! … Wireless utility meters, and cell towers, are blanketing our neighborhoods with radiation… BIOLOGICAL facts are being ignored … International standard setting bodies are not acting to protect the public’s health.” [Emphasis as per the published transcript]

In its call for cleaner, safer, ways forward, the International EMF Scientist Appeal is undeniably ‘Green’. Yet how many of us are fully aware of its call? Today, it carries 224 signatories from 41 nations; all have peer-reviewed research in the field, and none – to their credit – have been cowed or co-opted by the multi-billion dollar Big Telecoms industry: a colossus whose turnover has begun to rival that of fossil fuels.

Standard-setting bodies with documented conflicts of interests, meanwhile, continue to stifle reform – not least in the UK: see the shocking exposé of AGNIR, for example, by UK neuroscientist Dr Sarah Starkey. Plus French documentary Microwaves, Science & Lies, and the recent letter of no confidence in the EMF wing of the World Health Organisation.

People testifying to harm

Within months of PG&E’s (Pacific Gas & Electric) Californian smart-meter rollout, over 2,000 health complaints were filed. Harsh headaches, dizziness, tachycardia, insomnia, tinnitus; in desperation, some householders fled their homes, while others slept in their cars.

Let’s not forget that PG&E is the energy giant first exposed by Erin Brockovich for dumping hexavalent chromium.

As wave after wave of people have attested to similar problems from US and Canadian rollouts – many testifying to no prior inkling of smart-meter problems (as here /here) – court cases have arisen. Biophysics professor Andrew Marino, an authority on physiological reactions to ‘weak’ EMFs, gave lengthy evidence in defence of impacted residents.

Eviscerating outdated exposure standards, he concluded “coercing the complainants to endure… such exposure … amount[s] to involuntary human experimentation.” In addition health risks from “the type of electromagnetic energy emitted from smart meters … are heightened in the very young, the very old, and in those with pre-existing diseases and disorders.”

Case histories, echoing others around the world, include, for example, 84-year old Dr Georgetta Livingstone (Michigan). When her meter was fitted, she was hit by unexpected sharp pains in her body, headaches, violent head-to-toe rashes, insomnia, intense itching, depression and anxiety. With no remission, it seems, until her meter was finally removed. (Notice Professor O Johansson: skin reactions to EMFs). Such testimonies, however contested, may offer us helpful clues.

IT professionals are among those testifying to impacts. Silicon Valley consultant Jeromy Johnson (see his TED talk) and his wife, a GP, were axed by headaches, insomnia, and palpitations.

In Smart meters, the opposite of green, hosted by Green editor Rob Sidon, Johnson notes that if we connect everything wirelessly to smart meters we risk “filling our homes, our children, and ourselves” with RF microwaves emerging as subtly bioactive. (See, e.g., harm to insects from all ‘weak’ sources tested: Margaritis et al 2013). “How can a technology be considered sustainable if its byproduct harms not only humans but plants, insects and animals?”

Problems have also emerged in Australia, and beyond. In her peer-reviewed paper, Dr Federica Lamech, GP (Victoria), shares 92 in-depth patient case histories. Smart meters, it seems, were ‘the last straw’ in wireless exposure, tipping them into full-blown electrosensitivity – a syndrome now hallmarked, it seems, by toxic and inflammatory biomarkers, and impaired brain blood-flow (Belpomme 2015-2016: nearly 700 lab-verified cases, Paris).

Lamech herself was stricken “with palpitations, chest pain, insomnia, dizziness, inability to concentrate, memory loss and fainting spells. I [later] found out it was [when] the smart meters were remotely turned on.”

Professor Dariusz Leszczynski, biochemist, notes it is normal to have a bell-curve of responses to environmental toxins, and pulsed RF, his field, is no exception. If so, how can we, as Greens, find ways to support the human rights of adults / children at the ‘unlucky’ end of the spectrum?

Dr Isaac Jamieson, who advises the EU on bio-sustainability, analysed (1, 2,) how Big Energy smart-metering can infringe the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, especially birthright to health.

Eyes on stalks: the corporate hijack of smart-metering

According to multi-award-winning health documentary Take Back Your Power, Big Energy may have hidden drivers for smart-metering. Filmed in Canada and the USA, this deeply humanitarian film, best seen in full [here], reveals how Green aims can sadly become co-opted and perverted. In a race “to monetise the data”, a focus on the bottom line is sweeping injured families aside.

Director Josh del Sol told me, based on his long research, “with more than 5,000 technology patents muffled by the USPTA … new, decentralized, clean energy technologies are in fact being artificially-blocked from market proliferation.” TNCs “are hijacking the good intentions of environmentalists everywhere … with a profit potential (for them) in the trillions.”

Notice, for example, this big-client marketing by Onzo (2017): “We take data from smart meters… and build a highly personalized profile for each and every utility customer. We then tag this profile with key behavioural, attitudinal and lifestyle characteristics … We even tag appliances that we see being used in the home. .. giving [you] the ability to monetise [your] customer data by providing a direct link to appropriate third party organisations.”

Hidden risks to our cells

Dr Dietrich Klinghardt and team (New Jersey) found striking increases in toxic, inflammatory markers in patients’ blood samples – and their asymptomatic spouses – after smart-meter installation. Naturally, this needs wider testing, controlling for any confounding factors, but might there be wider risks, however subtle, at a cellular level?

Professor Martin Pall, a biochemist with 8 international awards, clearly thinks so. In 2013, he won a Global Medical Discovery listing for his landmark paper on a master mechanism of harm from wireless pulsed microwaves: watch his gripping, short talk. Supported by many peer-reviewed papers, it helps to explain the damage (nitrosative / oxidative) to organs and DNA seen in many new studies on WiFi and similar sources.

It’s striking that Pall singles out smart metering. “‘Smart meters’ should be abolished because they use short high-intensity pulses of microwave radiation. We know from the nanosecond studies these can be very damaging and act via VGCC [calcium channel] activation [his research] with activation continuing long after the pulse has ceased … It has been known for over 30 years that short microwave pulses can cause massive cellular damage.” See also his review of pulsed-microwave neurological risks, including from wireless smart meters (2015).

Disturbing toxic ‘window effects’ have been found at low wireless intensities: co-tumour promotion, for example, from levels comparable to tablets’ (Professor Lerchl 2015). While peer-reviewed findings at far lower levels – a clue to life’s sensitivity – raise growing questions about microwave-dense ‘smart homes’ and corporate IoT.

Downplayed pollution; ripples in the UK

When governments or smart-meter manufacturers cite ‘compliance’, they are referring to widely challenged ‘safety standards’ based on high microwave levels that cook tissue; all risks from lower exposures – growing annually in peer-reviewed literature – are air-brushed away.

Output is often time-averaged, disguising the microwave pulse-intensity, allowing some misleading comparisons with cell-phones: see industry whistle-blower Diana Ostermann and Dr Karl Maret. Sporadic uploads to masts (WAN) can be cited without mentioning the all-hour house-piercing ‘spikes’ [here] – every two seconds, in the case of tested British Gas meters.

Dr Andrew Tresidder, GP, perceives medical risks (ditto Dr Liz Evans GP): “some have 14,000 very high intensity spikes per day. Biologically, 14,000 screams are not silence!” Data obtained by a Californian court revealed, for example, 9,600 spikes per day, rising up to 190,000.

Dr Andrew Goldsworthy, a senior EMF biologist, advised Parliament that permanent exposure “without the fully informed consent of the people affected is in contravention of the Nuremberg code”. Contrast this to Big Energy’s all-soothing, all-cosy smart meter adverts, and questions of ethics hit home.

As Greens, we may have missed these aspects. Governments, in Rachel Carson’s words, have fed us “little tranquilliser pills of half truth”. Can we catch up with the rapidly growing precautionary science? In all conscience, how many households may be struggling with hidden impacts?

With no clue that the meters (though not a full-blown mesh network, UK) may be a plausible risk factor, particularly if by children’s bedrooms or banked in flats? (See Notes for emerging case histories).

Kilohertz voltage-spikes from smart meter’s switched-mode power (lay measurements here) can add to EMFs in homes, and raise other potential health questions (see Dr David Carpenter), even – unfortunately – in wired smart-meters.

Under revised EU energy rules, meanwhile, some countries have waived smart-metering as cost-ineffective. Overseas, fires have prompted some large recalls.

A potential creeping stress on trees?

In last year’s peer-reviewed research paper revealing phone-mast microwave damage to trees – even, in cases, at two miles – the authors noted “this constitutes a danger to trees worldwide”. Might wireless smart grids exacerbate this? Notice Professor C Georgiou’s work on EMF free-radical risks to plants, and Haggerty 2010 on aspen seedlings sickened by background RF.

Civilian researchers in Monterey (California) recorded unusual bark splits in oaks and pines following the microwave ‘smart’ grid and WiFi grid switch-on: could this be a theme for eco-research? According (again) to Dr Andrew Goldsworthy, Imperial College, in Why Our Urban Trees Are Dying, our rocketing RF pollution could be a factor in tree disease:

“Trees are now dying mysteriously from a variety of diseases in urban areas all over Europe and are also showing abnormal photoperiodic responses. In addition, many have cancer-like growths under the bark (phloem nodules) and the bark may also split so that the underlying tissues become infected. All of these can be explained as being a result of … radio-frequency radiation.”

Wings for a wiser world

As Greens, we have not always penetrated the emerging risks of dense, pulsed-microwave smart-metering and grids. Nor have we questioned, as fully as we might, other electrosmog raisers, such as LTE, IoT and corporate-proposed 5G. [NEW: see the Environmental Health Trust on 5G and the skin-burning properties of weak millimetre waves.]

Nor have we challenged the deep, pervasive big-industry influences on EMF research, regulation, and ‘spin’, as exposed in a remarkable new book (just published), Corporate Ties That Bind: An Examination of Corporate Manipulation and Vested Interests in Public Health.

But as we catch up with the latest cautioning science, we can begin to expose these dark trends, and the risks and pollution levels they feed. While laying bare the outworn paradigm (denial of all non-heating effects) to which TNCs and governments so scandalously cling.

And on balance, we could begin to initiate healing changes. For though it is challenging to discover that pulsed RF is emerging, by degrees, as subtly bioactive, our Green ethics, our courage, surely enables us to adapt.

Potential solutions, for social and technical visionaries, are legion. From the new, responsive data-over-grid technology, for example, that can manage energy without microwave smart meters. To cleaning up kilohertz EMFs (dirty electricity, also from solar inverters) including, perhaps, the subtly neuro-active frequencies.

To the deep carbon savings of simple energy bill comparison with neighbours, a growing trend. To lending families plug-in energy monitors, perhaps, an alternative to permanent pollution. To conserving wired resources while cleaner technologies evolve. To the inspiring possibilities of data-rich infrared and VLC (LiFi / visual light communication) – now found to have useful reflectivity – combined with fibre-optics … And so on.

Globally, the more we can integrate EMF precautionary science into our daily lives, low carbon strategies, and environmental health awareness, then the more bio-sensitive, and inspiringly fit for the future, we become. So hatching an overdue paradigm – Wings for a wiser world.

Lynne Wycherley is a nature poet with six published collections. Working in parallel with pioneering doctors, she has been investigating non-ionizing radiation for five years.

Notes

Professor Belpomme Scans revealed damaged blood-flow in limbic area of brain (a seat of Alzheimer’s); Belpomme flagged potential dementia risks. Follow-up brain scans, where taken, found improvements from sustained wireless reduction – not easy, in today’s environments.

Emerging testimonies (UK)

ES-UK health charity Confidential help-line is hearing from people testifying to problems

Other testimonies Although circumstantial, these examples give a flavour of the type of testimonies emerging around the world:

Anna, a freelance journalist/film-maker, told me she moved from London into a small block of flats, Bedford, in March 2012. A fit runner and gym-user on a super-healthy diet, she was bewildered by the onset of inexplicable illnesses that would persist until her departure 4 years later.

She was afflicted by a set of symptoms she had never experienced before: violent headaches, deep ‘brain fog’, exhaustion, neurological symptoms – “my nerves felt wired” – chest-tightness, buzzing tinnitus, repeated nausea / dizziness, leg jitters, a racing / irregular heartbeat, and poor sleep. All with no known allergen, or other salient stress.

Working from home, she struggled to continue. Eventually, weakened, she caught a serious neurological viral infection and later meningitis (also neurological: see Pall 2015, above). But to her surprise, on moving to a new flat with analogue meters, almost all of the four years’ symptoms vanished and did not return. What had been different about her previous flat?

One day, speaking to Southern Electricity, she discovered her previous electricity meter had been a smart meter, along with the others in the block. In her 4 years, she had not realised that the meter near to her bed, plus the 11 others crammed in the building (3 nearby) were wireless smart meters.

In her view, it all began to make sense: the “suicidal headaches”, fatigue, illnesses, and astonishing improvement on moving house to a smart-meter free area.

Cathy, a normally fit horse rider, also shared her experience with me. When her neighbours adopted a smart-meter (on a thin partition wall, 3/1/2017) she was hit with inexplicable harsh headaches, tachycardia, weakness, tinnitus, disorientation, blurred vision, ‘brain fog’, insomnia, irritability, fatigue, labile temperature, and high blood pressure – all new.

She had hoped it was a passing coincidence, but experienced no relief for weeks until 7 days lodging with a friend (no smart meter); her symptoms vanished, her sleep was restored. She returned home feeling optimistic but was felled by the same symptoms. Her neighbour eventually asked for the meter’s output to be deactivated; the suppliers said they would do so remotely.

When the harsh discomfort continued, a technician discovered only the in-house display was dormant: the meter was still emitting non-stop microwave pulses. The neighbour was reluctant to help further. She continues to struggle.

IT professional Steve Weller’s public testimonial (Australia) submitted to regulators, is worth reading. A calm, alert, resumé of problems that began with close exposure to a WiFi router, he describes being woken nightly, as if “someone had [pushed] a long sharp needle into my head”, only to discover his neighbour had fitted two smart meters behind his bed.

Forced to retreat from rising work pollution to salvage his health, he does not know how he will support his family. His exposé of industry-favoured ‘tests’ that discredit people experiencing problems (page 8) is illuminating and echoes many points by cautioning scientists. (Also notice physics professor James McCaughan, who was impacted by wireless devices, and has to work in a Faraday Cage).

Compliance. Public Health England’s exposure assessments of smart meters are based on the unreformed ‘safety standards’, already described, based only on thermal injury. It cites AGNIR and ICNIRP, both under fire for conflicts of interest, nepotism, and stifling reform.

For contrast see, e.g., physicist Dr Ron Powell’s cautious assessment: he notes that even ZigBee exceeds levels at which bio-effects have been recorded. Since the US National Toxicology Programme’s cancer findings in RF-exposed mice (see Paul Mobbs) – scientists’ calls for pulsed RF to be upgraded to a class 1 or 2A carcinogen have increased. After classifying pulsed microwaves as a 2B carcinogen in 2011, IARC clarified that this applied to all wireless sources.

Images in case helpful:

Smart meter health refugees: Vic & Rosemary Trudeau (Melbourne)

testified to nausea, chest pain and insomnia after smart-meter installation c. Herald Sun

A tree in Berkeley by a newly installed bank of PG&E smart meters (top) and 20 days later (below) despite ‘ample rain’ c. Berkeley residents.

http://www.theecologist.org/campaigning/2988831/smart_meters_and_cell_damage_from_pulsed_em_radiation_our_health_at_risk.html