Pregnancy & Wireless Radiation Risks A review on Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and the reproductive system

Tuesday, April 4, 2017

Pregnancy & Wireless Radiation Risks
A review on Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and the reproductive system

Asghari A, Khaki AA, Rajabzadeh A, Khaki A. A review on Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and the reproductive system. Electron Physician. 2016 Jul 25;8(7):2655-62. doi: 10.19082/2655. eCollection 2016.

Abstract

Environmental factors, such as electromagnetic waves, induce biological and genetic effects. One of the most important physiological systems involved with electromagnetic fields (EMFs) is the genital system. This paper reviews the effects of EMFs on human reproductive organs, female animals, fetus development and the importance of two types of natural antioxidants, i.e., vitamin E and fennel. The studies presented in this review referred to the effects of different exposures to EMFs on the reproductive system, and we tried to show the role of natural antioxidants in reducingthe effects of the exposures. Many studies have been done on the effects of ionizing and non-ionizing electromagnetic waves on the cell line of spermatogenesis, sexual hormones, and the structure of the testes. Also, about the hormonal cycle, folliculogenesis and female infertility related to EMF have been given more consideration. In particular, attention is directed to pregnant women due to the importance of their fetuses. However, in addition to the studies conducted on animals, further epidemiological research should be conducted.

 Conclusions

Many studies have shown that electromagnetic fields can have destructive effects on sex hormones, gonadal function, fetal development, and pregnancy. So people must be aware of the negative effects of EMFs. Although the impact of the waves varied at different frequencies, it is better to stay as far away as possible from their origin because of the risks associated with exposures to these waves. In addition, people can use natural antioxidants to help reduce the effects of these waves.

Open Access Paper: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5014506/

Recent studies that found adverse effects on offspring 

from prenatal exposure to wireless radiation
(Updated: April 4, 2017)

Humans

behavioral problems: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21138897
headaches: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3674098/pdf/nihms470908.pdf
hearing loss: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23574412

miscarriage: http://bit.ly/1Iwye5z
preterm birth: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23905441
spontaneous abortion: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25937931
spontaneous abortion: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25877464

Rats

blood, brain & behavior: http://bit.ly/2nVnY16
bone & muscle tissue: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26959616
brain: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24604340

brain: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23906636
brain: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23935717
brain: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22676902
brain: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27544572 (DECT cordless phone)
brain & liver: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24580725

cochlea: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24784924
kidney: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25084839
kidney: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26905323

liver: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26084117
liver: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27427155
testes: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24095929
Mice

behavior: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25359903
brain: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27787231
brain & behavior: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22428084 (Yale study)

Chicks

brain & behavior: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4902983/

Rabbits

blood: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23526187

Frogs

behavior: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27017260
Feb 9, 2016

French cell phone manufacturer warns pregnant women and teens

about cell phone radiation
The French phone manufacturer WIKO states in their manual for the Pulp 4G smartphone (pp. 21-22):

“The maximum SAR value tested on this device when used in its normal position at the ear is 0.114 W/kg and 0.387 W/kg when used close to the body, at a minimum distance of 1.5 cm. It complies with the rules on exposure to radio frequencies when used in its normal position at the ear or at a minimum distance of 1.5 cm from the body. The device uses a high-quality network connection for transmitting files, data and messages. On occasion, the transmission of files or messages may be delayed until the connection is available. When this is the case, be sure to follow the instructions regarding the separation distance for establishing the transmission. If you use a case, belt-clip or holder for carrying the phone, it must not contain any metal and should be kept at a minimum distance of 1.5 cm from your body.

*The SAR limit for mobile devices is 2.0 watts / kilogram (W/kg) averaged over ten grams of body tissue. SAR values may vary according to the standards for reporting information that are in force in different countries.  [My note: This standard is used in France and many other countries. In the U.S. the limit is 1.6 watts / kilogram averaged over one gram of body tissue.]

Tips for Reducing Exposure Levels

We recommend that you use your phone in good reception conditions in order to reduce the amount of radiation received. It is advisable to limit the amount of time you use the phone in underground car parks and when travelling by car or train, etc.

Reception conditions are indicated by the bars that are displayed on your phone: the more bars there are, the better the reception quality.

We recommend that you use the hands-free kit to reduce exposure to radiation.

To reduce the adverse effects of prolonged radiation exposure, we advise teenagers to hold the phone away from their lower abdomen, and that pregnant women hold the phone at a distance from their stomach.”

Copyright © 2015 WIKO

http://data.wikomobile.com/documents/fichiers/f404d5a6f9dbd799184f05010cac9cd2.pdf#page=21


July 1, 2015

Doctors Caution Pregnant Women About Wireless Radiation Health Risks


Over one hundred medical doctors and scientific experts from around the world agree: the risks of exposure to RF radiation from wireless devices for pregnant women and their unborn children are real, and women have a Right To Know.

NEW YORK, July 1, 2015 /PRNewswire/ — More than one hundred medical doctors, scientists and public health experts from around the world have signed a Joint Statement advising pregnant women to take simple precautions to protect themselves and their babies from wireless radiation. The Statement is part of a national right-to-know campaign called the BabySafe Project created by two non-profit organizations to inform pregnant women about the issue.

The wireless world may be convenient, but it’s not without risks,” says Patricia Wood, Executive Director of Grassroots Environmental Education and co-creator of the BabySafe Project. “When more than one hundred of the world’s leading medical doctors and researchers on wireless radiation say we have enough evidence for women to take protective action, we think women should know about it.

The project is based on recent scientific studies suggesting that radiation from wireless devices is capable of interfering with the tiny electrical impulses that help synapses connect in a developing brain. Researchers at Yale University have been able to demonstrate that the brains of laboratory mice exposed to pulsed radio frequency radiation in utero were wired differently from those of the mice who were not exposed, resulting in behavioral differences that include poorer memory and symptoms that resemble ADHD in children.

The Yale study builds on more than twenty years of research and hundreds of independent, peer-reviewed studies showing that exposure to radiation from wireless devices can have non-thermal, biological effects on humans, including DNA strand breaks and other impacts not previously known.

The authors of many of those studies are among those calling for precautions.

The fetus is perhaps the most vulnerable to these types of insults, when the brain is just forming, when all of the organ systems are just beginning to develop,” says Dr. Hugh Taylor, Chief of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale-New Haven Hospital, Professor of Women’s Health at Yale University, and lead author of the study. “There’s essentially no downside to being cautious and protecting your baby. Why not do it?


SOURCE Grassroots Environmental Education

http://bit.ly/1GMY4Nk

http://www.saferemr.com/2014/06/joint-statement-on-pregnancy-and.html

Advertisements

What Screen Time and Screen Media Do To Your Child’s Brain and Sensory Processing Ability

What Screen Time and Screen Media Do To Your Child’s Brain and Sensory Processing Ability

screen time babies children

(April 2 – Correction: Information on the AAP policies below has been edited. Thanks to the readers – Diana and P – who caught the error!)

It’s a scene we’re sure you’ve witnessed again and again:

A family is sitting in a restaurant having dinner. The four year old is clearly fed up with sitting, and starts to complain, jump on her seat or run around. But a few moments later, she’s quietly in her seat again, enabling her parents and older siblings to enjoy a peaceful meal and conversation for the next 30 minutes.

What happened?

Her father handed her his iPhone.

It’s a scene we see repeated in doctors’ waiting rooms, supermarkets, public transportation… and while we entirely understand it, it also saddens us.

So many caring, well-meaning parents are unaware of the developmental damage caused to their children by exposure to screen time and screen media.

***

Screens.

Televisions. Computer monitors. Tablets. Smartphones. Dumb phones. Children’s toy computers. Kindles. The Apple watch.

If it gives off electromagnetic radiation in the visual spectrum, it’s a screen.

In many ways screens have changed our lives for the better. In other ways, they’ve changed our lives and the lives of our children – and not necessarily for the better.

no screen time for children under two years old

The original official policy of the American Academy of Pediatrics (made in 1999 and reaffirmed in 2011) states that “pediatricians should urge parents to avoid television [or other media] viewing for children under the age of two years.” Children between 2 and 5 should be limited to “no more than 1 hour per day.”

In 2016 they issued a policy adjustment stating that pediatricians should discourage any media use under the age of 18 months, except for video-chatting (as often happens with far-away relatives). Between 18 and 24 months, if a parent wants to introduce screen media, then they should choose high-quality apps and use it together with their toddlers. (Although the policy indicates that the educational benefits for children under the age of 24 months are low, and come mainly from parent interaction with the child, and not from the media itself.)

While the original policy of the AAP called for children older than 5 to be viewing no more than 2 hours of media daily, the updated 2016 recommendations explains that in today’s world, when media is everywhere, a one-size-fits-all approach doesn’t work. Families need to make themselves aware of the risks and benefits of media use, and create individualized plans for their children, including enough sleep and physical exercise.

Reasons given by the AAP – and other research studies – include associations with obesity, sleep issues, aggressive behaviors, less time spent in developmentally helpful interaction with parents and siblings, language delays and attention issues.

Reference is made to the potentially harmful effect of media exposure during the rapid brain development period of age 0-2, but most studies – and even the AAP policies – don’t delve into the details of the impact on your child’s brain.

We’d like to give you a peek behind the scenes, and show you what happens to the brain when it’s in the process of viewing screen media.

Screens Give Your Body the Blues

We’ve all been fooled by the “what color is white light?” question. Answer: all of them! Natural daylight, provided by our sun, is made up of all the colors of the visual spectrum, although there does tend to be a little more blue light emitted than the other colors.

emission spectrum natural daylight comments

 

The blue light of natural sunlight does some great things for our body. It boosts attention, reaction times and mood, and it suppresses melatonin (the hormone that regulates your circadian rhythms and makes you sleepy when it increases) so you can be awake and alert during your active hours.

That’s great for your body – in the daytime. When your body is supposed to be winding down for sleep, however, it’s another story.

Most of today’s devices are illuminated by LEDs, which have a much higher percentage of blue lightwaves than any other light source – natural or artificial. Here’s what “white” light is really made of in the following artificial light sources:

emission spectrum artificial light comments

(The above image comes from the Molecular Vision Journal. The markup is our own.)

White LEDs are almost entirely blue light, combined with a chemical compound to make it look white.

Night-time exposure to LED-illuminated devices (most of the screens out there today: computers, tablets, phones, flat screen TVs, e-readers, video games) suppresses melatonin and disrupts the natural sleep cycle.

This Scientific American article describes the following study where volunteers spent several evenings reading for a prolonged period of time before a 10PM imposed bedtime. Some used printed books and some used e-readers. Those who used e-readers took longer to fall asleep, had less REM sleep and felt sleepier and less alert for hours after they woke up in the morning – even if they had gotten the same amount of sleep.

blue light before bed makes it hard to wake up in the morning

We repeatedly see sleep cycle issues in the children who come to our clinic. When we probe, we almost inevitably hear that they’re playing video games, using social media or watching TV for an extended period before they go to bed. Sleep cycle disruptions are a significant contributor to ADHD and other mood and behavioral issues.

One of the first things we work with these parents and children on is significantly reducing screen time before bed. Blue light – it’s not for night!

Fast Forward

Okay, fine, you might be saying. I’ll curtail the screens at night, and let my children play their video games, use the computer and watch TV in the afternoon.

We wish it were that simple.

If your child’s screen use is focused on reading chapter books off a Kindle or typing in a word processing program, no problem. (Again, as long as it’s not at night when the blue wavelengths in the white LEDs will impact sleep patterns.)

But who among our kids spends his primary media time doing that? Our kids are playing fast-paced video games, watching cartoons and TV shows with plenty of action and jumping from photo to chat to status update on social media.

The rapid-fire changes that happen in most screen activities, from video games to recorded entertainment to social media updates, affect two parts of the brain:

  • the visual processing system
  • the vestibular system

Read full article at:  https://handsonotrehab.com/screen-time-brain-sensory-processing/